The review starts with a summary of the health of the incarcerated in the United States including an inventory of the diseases that disproportionately afflict this population such as:
- Hepatitis C;
- Chronic conditions like COPD, asthma and high blood pressure;
- Various mental health disorders.
Based on their search results, the authors split research on telemedicine in the correctional setting into three categories:
1. USES AND BENEFITS OF TELEHEALTH IN CORRECTIONAL CARE
Telemedicine can be timed one of two ways. Either by creating a live interaction between the patient and provider, known as synchronous, or in an asynchronous manner when information such as imagery or lab results is sent to the provider to be reviewed at another time.